With the growing world population and related health issues, particularly in developing nations, there is a need to enhance not only food production, but also food quality by improving the nutritional content of the worlds major staple food crop plants.As understanding of gene action and metabolic pathways has increased, tremendous progress has been made in manipulating genes to enhance nutrients, phytochemicals ad nutraceuticals of a large number of crops. Despite these developments, still a lot remains to be understood for example the interaction of genes and genomic environment, and/or genes with the environment. Phytonutritional Improvement of Crops presents the recent advances and updated data on the use of molecular engineering to enhance the phytonutritional quality of crops. Chapters cover different molecular engineering techniques to increase phytonutrient levels in crops, as well as the potentials of improving specific crops. This book is essential reading for crop, plant, and food scientists and technologists.