This volume is the first in a new series of books entitled A Life Course Approach to Adult Health (eds. Diana Kuh, Yoav Ben-Shlomo and Ezra Susser). It provides a comprehensive, fully referenced and readable review of the latest scientific evidence linking women’s experiences in childhood and young adult life to their health and disease risk in midlife and beyond. It emphasizes the interactive nature of biological, psychological and social risks to health and focuses on the key risks to health for women in developing as well as developed countries. Commentaries on each chapter are given by international experts.